Summary:‘Girls That Invest’

Tired of hear­ing “invest­ing is for men”? ‍It’s time to rewrite the narrative.

Girls That Invest is your pow­er­ful roadmap to finan­cial free­dom, shat­ter­ing out­dat­ed myths and empow­er­ing you to take con­trol of your future.

Author Sim­ran Kaur, finan­cial expert and founder of the “Girls That Invest” move­ment guides you step-by-step through the world of shares and stocks.

Inside, you’ll discover:

  • Why women excel at invest­ing (yes, you read that right!)
  • How to over­come lim­it­ing beliefs and build confidence
  • Action­able strate­gies to start invest­ing, even with small amounts
  • The best invest­ment options for dif­fer­ent risk lev­els and goals
  • How to align your invest­ments with your val­ues and make a pos­i­tive impact

Ready to ditch the fear and join the finan­cial­ly empow­ered revolution?

Read Sum­ma­ry: ‘Girls That Invest: Your Guide to Finan­cial Inde­pen­dence through Shares and Stocks’ for your key take­aways and start your jour­ney to finan­cial inde­pen­dence today!

Summary:'Girls That Invest'
Sum­ma­ry: ‘The Intel­li­gent Investor’ by Ben­jamin Graham

Key Points

  • Women out­per­form men in mar­ket returns: Due to their strate­gic, long-term plan­ning and less emo­tion­al invest­ing, women tend to see bet­ter returns than men.
  • Invest­ing is cru­cial for finan­cial free­dom: Invest­ing helps you beat infla­tion, reach your goals faster, and build finan­cial security.
  • Over­come lim­it­ing beliefs: Soci­etal por­tray­als and lack of open dis­cus­sions about mon­ey often dis­cour­age women from invest­ing. It’s cru­cial to chal­lenge these beliefs and build confidence.
  • Start with basic finan­cial lit­er­a­cy: Before invest­ing, under­stand your cash flow, tack­le high-inter­est debt, and build an emer­gency fund.
  • Explore dif­fer­ent invest­ment options: Choose from stocks, bonds, mutu­al funds, ETFs, REITs, and even alter­na­tive invest­ments like art and hand­bags, based on your risk tol­er­ance and goals.
  • Invest eth­i­cal­ly: Align your invest­ments with your val­ues by con­sid­er­ing ESG fac­tors, impact invest­ing, and positive/negative screening.
  • Achieve finan­cial inde­pen­dence: The FIRE move­ment (Finan­cial Inde­pen­dence, Retire Ear­ly) pro­vides a frame­work to build a pas­sive income stream through investing.
  • Embrace your strengths: Wom­en’s nat­ur­al propen­si­ty for long-term plan­ning and dis­ci­plined invest­ing gives them an edge in the market.

    Summary ‘Girls That Invest’

    Restric­tive mon­ey beliefs, struc­tur­al and insti­tu­tion­al imped­i­ments, sparse con­ver­sa­tions con­cern­ing finances, and unfa­vor­able por­tray­als of women and finances in the media prompt numer­ous females to inac­cu­rate­ly assume they lack pro­fi­cien­cy in invest­ing. Con­tem­plate how main­stream media show­cas­es female char­ac­ters: Pro­tag­o­nists like Sex and the City’s Car­rie Brad­shaw and Con­fes­sions of a Shopaholic’s Rebec­ca Bloom­wood fre­quent­ly make unsound finan­cial choices.

    Accord­ing to a Star­ling Bank analy­sis in 2018, 70% of finan­cial arti­cles aimed at men focused on invest­ing, while the ref­er­ences to women cen­tered on econ­o­miz­ing (e.g., tips for reduc­ing gro­cery expens­es). When the media high­lights women as invest­ment vir­tu­osos, it tends to spot­light cau­casian women. Eth­nic minor­i­ty women desir­ing to invest often encounter a lack of rep­re­sen­ta­tion. Giv­en that finances influ­ence every facet of life, from longevi­ty to resource acces­si­bil­i­ty and rela­tion­al health, it’s cru­cial to sur­mount restric­tive finan­cial beliefs.

    “The sole method to evade being ensnared in an unsup­port­ive cir­cum­stance is by attain­ing finan­cial liberty.”

    Post-mar­riage, women fre­quent­ly relin­quish earn­ing poten­tial, con­cen­trat­ing on domes­tic duties rather than career advance­ment. This prac­tice can ensnare women in detri­men­tal rela­tions while height­en­ing their finan­cial fragili­ty; for instance, numer­ous women con­front finan­cial dev­as­ta­tion post-divorce.

    Assume com­mand of your finances and strive for finan­cial auton­o­my to shield your­self and guar­an­tee per­pet­u­al auton­o­my to live life on your terms. Each woman should stash funds for piv­otal life tran­si­tions or emer­gen­cies. Devel­op your reserve through investing.

    From outperforming inflation to expediting financial goals, investing caters to females better than saving.

    There exist five para­mount rea­sons to com­mence investing:

    1. Sur­pass infla­tion — As per a 2015 Black­Rock sur­vey, women park near­ly 70% of their wealth in sav­ings accounts, lead­ing to annu­al infla­tion-relat­ed loss­es. Invest­ing in the stock mar­ket can yield an aver­age annu­al return of 7–10%, while infla­tion may cause a 2% annu­al erosion.
    2. Har­ness the com­pound­ing inter­est poten­tial — Giv­en that invest­ing begets returns annu­al­ly, you can dou­ble your cap­i­tal’s worth every decade with a mere 7% year­ly return.
    3. Attain objec­tives swift­ly — If you stow away $600 month­ly with­out invest­ing, it would neces­si­tate 138 years to accrue $1 mil­lion. Con­verse­ly, if you invest $600 month­ly at an 8% return rate, you would reach mil­lion­aire sta­tus in only 32 years.
    4. Rev­el in finan­cial sta­bil­i­ty and auton­o­my — Accord­ing to Salary Finance research, mil­len­ni­al women report more finan­cial anx­i­ety-induced pan­ic attacks than their male coun­ter­parts. By invest­ing and nur­tur­ing finan­cial inde­pen­dence, you enhance your com­plete phys­i­cal and men­tal health and well-being.
    5. Erect a supe­ri­or world — You can bol­ster orga­ni­za­tions ded­i­cat­ed to forg­ing a pos­i­tive soci­etal, envi­ron­men­tal, and gov­ern­men­tal imprint by eth­i­cal­ly invest­ing and select­ing busi­ness­es syn­chro­nized with your ethos and values.

    Vanquish prevalent misjudgments about investing that hinder women.

    Pos­si­bly, peo­ple cau­tioned you that invest­ing in the mar­ket leads to cap­i­tal loss, high­light­ing the per­ils of invest­ing. In actu­al­i­ty, though a short-term mar­ket down­turn might lead to finan­cial deple­tion, his­to­ry reveals mar­ket resur­gence con­sis­tent­ly post-down­turn, and this appre­hen­sion obstructs accu­mu­la­tive finan­cial ben­e­fits. Investors can elect a risk pro­file align­ing with their com­fort lev­el and scru­ti­nize the his­tor­i­cal per­for­mance and pro­jec­tions of their investments.

    “The ver­i­ty is, per­ceiv­ing invest­ing as exces­sive­ly intri­cate is a wide­spread fal­la­cy imped­ing most from commencement.”

    You might har­bor the belief that invest­ing tran­scends your com­pre­hen­sion. Nev­er­the­less, invest­ing is fair­ly straight­for­ward: Envi­sion the stock mar­ket akin to an enabler, anal­o­gous to eBay, enabling indi­vid­u­als to buy and vend a prod­uct — shares. Counter to pop­u­lar belief, invest­ing neces­si­tates min­i­mal funds to com­mence. Via “frac­tion­al shares,” you can invest in a minus­cule por­tion of a share, with a sig­nif­i­cant­ly low entry thresh­old. Where­as the for­mer invest­ment start could range from $1,000 to $10,000, today, invest­ing as min­i­mal as $10 can grant 1% own­er­ship in Alpha­bet, the par­ent com­pa­ny of Google, for instance.

    Allocate time to boost your rudimentary financial well-being before embarking on investing.

    Pre-invest­ing, acquaint your­self with the rudi­men­ta­ry fun­da­men­tals of per­son­al finance. Ini­tial­ly, estab­lish a com­pre­hen­sive under­stand­ing of your cash flow — the mon­ey you expend and earn. Ini­ti­ate track­ing your week­ly and month­ly dis­burse­ments to iden­ti­fy areas neces­si­tat­ing enhance­ment — from uti­liz­ing an appli­ca­tion to a note­book. Sub­se­quent­ly, tack­le any high-inter­est debts. Con­tem­plate refi­nanc­ing or con­sol­i­dat­ing to secure a more man­age­able inter­est rate.

    “The major­i­ty com­pre­hend their earn­ings as they receive a con­sis­tent income, yet few are aware of their expenditures.”

    Sub­se­quent debt res­o­lu­tion, estab­lish an emer­gency fund safe­guard­ing at least three months’ worth of expens­es in a sav­ings account. Map out your con­tri­bu­tions to a retire­ment account, ide­al­ly max­i­miz­ing employ­er incen­tives. While gov­ern­men­tal setups fur­nish a fun­da­men­tal­ly bal­anced fund, it’s para­mount you con­duct research and select what suits you best. Last­ly, sim­pli­fy your life by automat­ing finances. For instance, if you desire to invest $50 week­ly post-pay, auto­mate pay­ments to an account ear­marked for invest­ments, and then remit said funds to your bro­ker biweek­ly or monthly.

    From equities and bonds to Hermès and digital currency, opt for the finest investment choices to amplify your wealth.

    Adopt the role of an “investor in train­ing” and acquaint your­self with the fol­low­ing invest­ment gen­res, Select­ing the alter­na­tives that most fit­ting­ly match your requirements:

    • Equities/shares — Pur­chas­ing a small stake in a cor­po­ra­tion and becom­ing a stock­hold­er. If the com­pa­ny per­forms well, you stand to receive div­i­dends and wit­ness your invest­ment grow. Con­verse­ly, if the com­pa­ny under­per­forms, you may incur losses.
    • Deben­tures — Lend­ing mon­ey to a com­pa­ny or gov­ern­ment in return for a fixed inter­est rate. Bonds present low­er risk lev­els com­pared to stocks but offer a dimin­ished return rate.
    • Pooled Funds — Invest­ing in var­i­ous com­pa­nies with mixed com­bi­na­tions of stocks, bonds, and oth­er assets, known as a “bas­ket.” Typ­i­cal­ly, mutu­al fund man­agers charge a 1.4% fee for man­ag­ing your port­fo­lio, as han­dling these funds involves more active man­age­ment, though not uniformly.
    • Com­pos­ite Funds — These are assort­ments of stocks fol­low­ing a spe­cif­ic list; for instance, the NASDAQ rep­re­sent­ing the top 1000 US tech­nol­o­gy firms. Com­pos­ite funds are essen­tial­ly mutu­al funds but are man­aged pas­sive­ly rather than active­ly. Addi­tion­al­ly, com­pos­ite funds neces­si­tate a high­er ini­tial invest­ment amount due to a min­i­mum invest­ment requirement.
    • Exchange-Trad­ed Funds (ETFs) — Sim­i­lar to com­pos­ite funds, ETFs exhib­it a low­er entry thresh­old and expe­ri­ence price fluc­tu­a­tions through­out the trad­ing day.
    • Prop­er­ty Invest­ment Trusts — With real estate invest­ment trusts, investors can par­tic­i­pate in mul­ti­ple real estate com­pa­nies to prof­it from the real estate mar­ket with­out the oblig­a­tions of being a landlord.
    • Spec­u­la­tive Funds — Com­pa­ra­ble to mutu­al funds but man­aged by an invest­ment fund man­ag­er who under­takes riski­er invest­ments in the hopes of out­per­form­ing the market.
    • Mer­chan­dise and Uncon­ven­tion­al Invest­ments — Invest­ing in com­modi­ties (e.g., pre­cious met­als and agri­cul­tur­al prod­ucts) can serve as a hedge against infla­tion while diver­si­fy­ing your invest­ment port­fo­lio. Unreg­u­lat­ed invest­ments may encom­pass buy­ing art­work, lux­u­ry bags, NFTs, and dig­i­tal cur­ren­cies. Inter­est­ing­ly, a Her­mès Birkin bag can yield high­er returns than the stock market.

    Instigate beneficial change by patronizing companies that resonate with your principles.

    Aim­ing to con­tribute pos­i­tive­ly, Gen Z and mil­len­ni­als exhib­it more inter­est in eth­i­cal invest­ing than pri­or gen­er­a­tions. Anal­o­gous to “con­scious con­sumers,” eth­i­cal investors con­sid­er their soci­etal, reli­gious, moral, and eth­i­cal val­ues when eval­u­at­ing whether a fund or firm aligns ade­quate­ly with their stan­dards for invest­ment. Some investors take eth­i­cal invest­ing a step fur­ther by prac­tic­ing “social­ly respon­si­ble invest­ing” (SRI), ensur­ing that they exclu­sive­ly invest in com­pa­nies that uphold sus­tain­able busi­ness prac­tices. Engag­ing in SRI can be imple­ment­ed through Envi­ron­men­tal, Social, and Gov­er­nance (ESG) invest­ing, where the focus is on invest­ing sole­ly in com­pa­nies with a com­mend­able track record regard­ing ESG issues.

    “It is cru­cial to not only be an eth­i­cal investor but also a vig­i­lant one.”

    Oth­er con­sci­en­tious investors par­take in “impact invest­ing,” choos­ing to invest sole­ly in com­pa­nies they believe con­tribute pos­i­tive­ly to soci­ety. To make informed invest­ment deci­sions, con­sid­er employ­ing “pos­i­tive screen­ing” where you select the caus­es you endorse and invest sole­ly in com­pa­nies that meet your cri­te­ria. For instance, you could screen com­pa­nies to ensure they are eco-friend­ly, veg­an-friend­ly, or rec­og­nized as “Cer­ti­fied B Corps,” an accred­i­ta­tion reserved for enti­ties adher­ing to strin­gent social and envi­ron­men­tal per­for­mance stan­dards. Sim­i­lar­ly, you can uti­lize “neg­a­tive screen­ing” to avoid invest­ments in com­pa­nies involved in prac­tices or prod­ucts con­flict­ing with your val­ues (e.g., ani­mal test­ing or arms manufacturing).

    Attain financial autonomy and retire prematurely by sustaining yourself on your investments.

    Through pru­dent invest­ment, you can progress toward achiev­ing finan­cial inde­pen­dence referred to as “FIRE” or “finan­cial inde­pen­dence, retire ear­ly.” The con­cept of FIRE was ini­tial­ly intro­duced by Vic­ki Robin in her 1992 pub­li­ca­tion, Your Mon­ey or Your Life. Adher­ents of the FIRE phi­los­o­phy endeav­or to con­struct invest­ment port­fo­lios that pro­vide the secu­ri­ty equiv­a­lent to a trust fund. In essence, FIRE advo­cates for build­ing a port­fo­lio enabling you to sub­sist on mere­ly 4% of the annu­al returns (aver­ag­ing between 7% and 10%) to retire before stan­dard retire­ment age. Ulti­mate­ly, finan­cial inde­pen­dence for many indi­vid­u­als equates to free­dom of time, which can be facil­i­tat­ed through invest­ments. Strive for FIRE by con­serv­ing a sub­stan­tial por­tion of your earn­ings (ide­al­ly, 60% to 70%), liv­ing fru­gal­ly, and select­ing a broad mar­ket index fund as your invest­ment vehicle.

    “When indi­vid­u­als express a desire to amass wealth, what they tru­ly seek is the free­dom to pur­sue their desires, often entail­ing free­dom of time.”

    The FIRE con­cept encom­pass­es three tiers: In a “sub­stan­tial FIRE,” a 4% with­draw­al equates to an annu­al amount exceed­ing $100,000; In a “min­i­mal FIRE,” the with­draw­al ranges between $25,000 and $35,000; Last­ly, in a “mod­est FIRE,” the 4% with­draw­al cov­ers only essen­tial expens­es such as mort­gage pay­ments, with sup­ple­men­tal lux­u­ries sus­tained through part-time work. Invest­ment returns can be pro­cured through cap­i­tal appre­ci­a­tion, with stocks appre­ci­at­ing annu­al­ly and gen­er­at­ing com­pound inter­est, div­i­dends dis­bursed by com­pa­nies as a per­cent­age of prof­its typ­i­cal­ly every quar­ter, or “blend­ed funds” amal­ga­mat­ing both approaches.

    Women’s inclination toward strategic, enduring planning equips them with a natural advantage in investment.

    Accord­ing to a 2021 Fideli­ty analy­sis, indi­vid­u­als iden­ti­fy­ing as women yield high­er returns (0.4% greater) in com­par­i­son to those iden­ti­fy­ing as men. Gold­man Sachs dis­cov­ered that near­ly half of hedge funds man­aged by women (48%) out­per­formed the mar­ket, while only 38% of male-man­aged funds achieved sim­i­lar results.

    “Women typ­i­cal­ly exhib­it supe­ri­or invest­ment per­for­mance, yet many remain hes­i­tant to com­mence investing.”

    Incor­po­rate sev­en approach­es that con­fer you a com­pet­i­tive edge in the realm of investment:

    1. Embrace Pas­sive Invest­ing — Favor­ing mar­ket par­tic­i­pa­tion through a pas­sive index fund, a pref­er­ence often observed in female investors, rather than select­ing indi­vid­ual com­pa­nies expect­ed to out­per­form the mar­ket, typ­i­cal­ly leads to supe­ri­or returns with min­i­mal involvement.
    2. Lever­age Dol­lar Cost Aver­ag­ing — Rather than attempt­ing to time the mar­ket per­fect­ly, this strat­e­gy involves invest­ing fixed amounts at reg­u­lar inter­vals, endur­ing mar­ket fluc­tu­a­tions, result­ing in a rea­son­ably priced accu­mu­la­tion over time.
    3. Adhere to a Plan — Avoid suc­cumb­ing to the Fear of Miss­ing Out (FOMO) invest­ing pat­tern by stick­ing to your invest­ment strat­e­gy, a trait com­mon­ly seen among women investors who are less influ­enced by peer pres­sure in their invest­ment decisions.
    4. Mon­i­tor Your Port­fo­lio Spar­ing­ly — Stud­ies indi­cate that fre­quent port­fo­lio mon­i­tor­ing cor­re­lates with reduced stock mar­ket earn­ings. Lim­it port­fo­lio checks to month­ly or quar­ter­ly inter­vals to pre­vent mak­ing hasty deci­sions amidst mar­ket fluctuations.
    5. Min­i­mize Trad­ing Activ­i­ty — Women tend to engage in few­er trades dur­ing mar­ket down­turns com­pared to men, result­ing in more favor­able long-term outcomes.
    6. Invest in Com­pre­hen­sion — Men often par­take in invest­ments of nov­el com­pa­nies or funds they don’t ful­ly grasp. When deal­ing with risky invest­ments (e.g., emerg­ing cryp­tocur­ren­cies), women investors tend to adopt a more cau­tious approach by invest­ing small­er amounts, there­by expos­ing them­selves to low­er risks.
    7. Reg­u­late Emo­tion­al Respons­es — Women demon­strate a low­er ten­den­cy to pan­ic dur­ing mar­ket down­turns and hasti­ly divest funds. Notably, female investors, when active, often out­per­form their male coun­ter­parts, dis­pelling pre­vail­ing stereo­types con­cern­ing women and finan­cial acumen.

    About the Author

    Sim­ran Kaur found­ed the pod­cast Girls That Invest, intend­ing to enhance finan­cial pro­fi­cien­cy among women and minor­i­ty groups. Addi­tion­al­ly, she serves as a finan­cial colum­nist and a respect­ed inter­na­tion­al TEDx speaker.


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